History of the Eiffel Tower in Paris
The Eiffel Tower is the symbol of France around the world. It is located in the 7th district of the city of Paris to the northwest boundary of the park Champ de Mars. Previously, it was called the 300-meter tower. It was designed between 1884 and 1887 by Maurice Koechlin, Emile Nouguier and Stephen Sauvestre. The realization of this famous tower was made by engineer Gustave Eiffel and company. This tower has a freestanding architectural style wrought iron and is designed to be an observation tower and telecommunications. The building of the tower work was carried out by 250 workers between 1887 and 1889. It measures 324 meters to 279.11 meters and the antenna to the top floor. The tower belongs to the city of Paris and is occupied by the operating company of the Eiffel Tower. It is the highest monument and the largest number of visitors to Paris.
The Eiffel Tower was highly appreciated by the public since the end of its construction, as the number of visitors it continues to increase. She was the image of the French expertise in construction techniques. It was exhibited at the Universal Exhibition of 1889 and presented as the masterpiece of the event. It was also built on the occasion of the centenary of the French Revolution. Gustave Eiffel won the competition launched by the Minister of Trade and Industry on May 1, 1886 for the completion of the tower. An agreement was made and January 8, 1887. The work was done in record time, because they lasted only two years, two months and five days. The inauguration of the tower was made on 31 March 1889. It is classified as a historic monument June 24, 1964 and is registered as World Heritage by UNESCO in 1991.
The Eiffel Tower has four floors and has about 116 branches. The base of the tower is placed on a square 116 meters on each side. These pillars are positioned on a moving concrete measuring 2 meters. It relies on 16 foundations. It has the great bolts measuring 7.80 meters in length. This tower has a substructure of sides measuring 25 meters which houses the bases of the pillars. The pillars are in the north and west are occupied by ticket sales, south pillar has a private elevator while the pillars in the east and west are home to public elevators. Four pillars are connected by arcs measuring 74 meters in diameter.
The first floor of the tower extends over an area of 4220 square meters. This floor houses the restaurant 58 Tour Eiffel. The second floor of the tower can accommodate around 1,600 people at the same time. It offers wonderful views and offers the Jules Verne restaurant. The third floor can accommodate 400 people. It covers an area of 350 square meters and provides access to the fourth floor. This tower has reproductions in France, but also in the world. We meet in Lyon, Prague, Las Vegas, Tokyo and Hangzhou in China. The Eiffel tower is present in various works of art, including paintings, photographs, literature, and film.
Transfer to the Eiffel Tower in Paris
The Eiffel Tower is located at a distance of 19.2 km from Orly Airport, 31.7 km from Charles de Gaulle Airport and 87.5 km from the airport of Beauvais.