History and visit to the National Maritime Museum in Paris The National Maritime Museum is located in the Palais de Chaillot on the Place de Trocadero. The museum's permanent collection is presented in Passy wing of the palace, while others are presented in Toulon, Brest, Port-Louis or Rochefort. The opening of the museum was made December 27, 1827, but it was not open to the public on 15 August 1943. The museum's collections focus on models of ships, marine instruments, weapons, uniforms and paint. These are from the personal collections of Henri Louis Duhamel du Monceau he gave to King Louis XV collections. Its function is to take a great interest in the marine trades and the general public to share the passion for the sea
The National Maritime Museum in Paris has large collections of ships especially warships sail from the 17th to the 19th century. This museum was created on the initiative of Colbert in 1678 was State Secretary of the Navy during the reign of Louis XIV. He had the intention of founding a large navy. Wanting to know the evolution of shipbuilding, he had built ship models. Despite scatters these models, they were part of the French maritime archives. In 1739, the botanist and engineer Henri Louis Duhamel du Monceau became inspector of naval construction. These collections were given to Louis XV and settled in the Louvre. Models became very useful for students of the School of structural engineers. The museum is located at the Louvre until his transfer to the Palais de Chaillot in 1938.
Part of the National Maritime Museum is located in the castle of Brest. It presents models, submarines pocket and sections of ships. This museum escapes through the exhibition of military history, but especially maritime. Another part of the museum is housed in a fortress of Port-Louis. The property was built by Vauban. It exposes a large number of pieces from the research submarine. For the National Maritime Museum located in the town of Rochefort, it is installed in a mansion dating from the 17th century. This building is one of the oldest establishments in Rochefort and was named the hotel Cheusses by Jacques Henri Cheusses. As the museum in the city of Toulon, the transformed located in the town of Rochefort has a wide collection for model boats.
The National Maritime Museum is characterized by diversification and the importance of these collections. It is one of the oldest museums in the world. The museum allows to know the history and especially the evolution of ships during several periods. Among the wall paintings in the museum in Paris include the fight against the Bayonnaise Ambuscade Louis Philippe Crepin, the Napoleon to Toulon Bartholomew Lauvergne or Queen Victoria in Cherbourg Leon Morel Fatio. The imperial boat belonging to Napoleon I and Napoleon III are also exposed in this museum. The stern of the Reale is also presented. Transfer to the National Maritime Museum in Paris The National Maritime Museum is located at a distance of 21.2 km from Orly Airport, 32.1 km from Charles de Gaulle Airport and 86.2 km from the airport of Beauvais.