Lisieux presents the characteristics of the region with the Normandy farmland, where dairy farming and apple cider farming are combined, from which cider is extracted. The inhabitants are called Lexovians and Lexoviennes.
History of Lisieux
Old capital of the Gaulish people called the Lexovians, Lisieux is in the location of a Gallo-Roman city. A fortress known as the Gallic oppidum was located at a place called Le Castellier southwest of the current city where 200 ha of space would have been fortified in the enclosure. Public buildings, a theater amphitheater, not located in the heart of the city located in the northwest was the great rural sanctuary. Currently, remains of baths and a rich Gallo-Roman villa, updated in 1980, are exposed to the archaeological garden of the hospital of Lisieux.
In the 4th century, the presence of the Germanic peoples, auxiliaries of the Roman army was revealed. Tombs of these ancient peoples have been updated in the place called "Michelet" and these tombs contain furniture typical of northern Germany. In the Middle Ages, after the fall of the Roman Empire, the city of Lisieux became the episcopal seat under the control of Rouen. After the Hundred Years War, the city is under the royal protection of Louis XI. The cloth industry settled.
Around 1590, during the eighth war of religion, Henry IV reconquered his kingdom and seized Lisieux without a fight. At the time of the revolution of 1789, Lisieux is integrated in the department of Calvados, newly created, but it became only a chief town of district. It becomes a minor town compared to Rouen. To discover the places that trace the history of Lisieux, we offer our professional transfer service of high quality.
Destroyed at 80% during the Second World War by bombing, Lisieux, remains one of the old cities of Normandy. It does not look much like its picturesque image in the medieval town past for its old typically Norman half-timbered houses. There is still 20% of the historical nuggets to discover all over the city. Many mansions are remarkable in the city center by the half-timbered houses that are worth a visit. For this, we provide you with our professionally trained drivers.
What to visit in Lisieux?
City of pilgrimage, Lisieux offers above all as attraction the so-called "Theresiens" places, the most famous of which is the Basilica. On the way to the Basilica, you can discover the Carmelite of Lisieux, former monastery of the most famous Lexovian Carmelites. St. Peter's Cathedral, one of the oldest interesting Gothic cathedrals in Normandy, but paradoxically less known, is located on what is called "in the footsteps of St. Teresa". Begun in 1170, it was completed in 1230 in Norman Gothic style, it is the subject of classification as historical monuments since 1840.
The Basilica of Saint Teresa
The Basilica of St. Therese of the Child Jesus was raised in honor of St. Teresa shortly after her canonization. On one of the hills surrounding the city, this neo-Byzantine church has supplanted the old cathedral became a parish church. The basilica contains a reliquary dedicated to the saint. Designed by the architect Louis Marie Cordonnier, the plans were implemented from 1927, the first stone was laid in 1929. During the second war, the work slowed down, the basilica suffered little bombardments allied with 1944, finishing work including stained glass and mosaics resumed and in 1954 took place the consecration of the Basilica. In 1980, during his first visit to France, Pope John Paul II came to Lisieux.
The Basilica of Lisieux is one of the great religious monuments of the 20th century. Indeed, its total area is 4500m² with a dome of 97 meters in height and an internal diameter of 28m. Lisieux welcomes 1 million visitors each year
Childhood home of Sainte Therese, the Buissonnets are then on the outskirts of Lisieux in a quiet area called "Village of the New World"! She was a hundred years old, but was in perfect condition. Thérèse de Saint Martin spent 11 years of her life before entering Carmel. After the death of her mother and became very sensitive, she found comfort only in the intimacy of the family and the withdrawal.
Today, the Maison des Buissonnets is open to visitors. Visitors can discover the places frequented by Thérèse de Saint Martin as a child and the objects that belonged to her.
The Museum of Art and History of Lisieux
This museum tells the many faces of the city that it crossed, Gallo-Roman city, medieval and classical city, the textile city, illustrious figures, etc. War and reconstruction are told. This museum is housed in one of the oldest timber-framed houses in Lisieux.
Cheese factory and distillery
Lisieux is also known for its cheese factories with appellations of controlled origin. The visit of Graindorge Cheese Shops will be very interesting. This workshop of manufacture of Livarot and Pont l'Evêque, cheese of appellation of controlled origin of Normandy will be done through a glazed corridor. Created in 1910, this family business has followed 3 generations. It allows visitors to immerse themselves in the stages of cheese making on a 2000 m² space. The tour ends at the Cheese Bar where a plate of different AOC cheeses is prepared for the visitor. You can not miss the distilleries and cideries that offer the local products of the Pays d'Auge.
Zoo, arboretum and garden
The Zoological Park of Lisieux or Zoo CERA, near Lisieux is one of Normandy Zoological Park. This park is in the town of Hermival les Vaux and worth a detour. The arboretum with 700 trees of 130 varieties on 12 ha, located on the Saint Jacques plateau in Lisieux provides information on common names, scientific names, geographical origins, anecdotal stories or the use of the tree.
The gardens of Pays d'Auge and their ecomuseum in Cambremer also deserve a detour. On the 3 acres of garden, multitudes of plant environments follow one another. Various themes are treated with the labeling of plants making the visit more informative than entertaining. Garden of scents, rose garden, garden of the Devil garden of angels are all themes to highlight the plants. As flowers and foliage have always accompanied the festivities, Father Marie, from 1960 - 1996, priest of Saint Germain Livet, has also built a garden for the production of flowers. Indeed, the flowers will be used in the church for the flowering of the holidays. Twig, foliage, stems whole flowers or petals are used to bloom altars, status and processions. To discover one by one these places, do not hesitate to contact us because we can provide you a day rental service.
Request a car service from Paris to Lisieux
Located in the Normandy region, in the Calvados department, Lisieux is located in the heart of the Pays d'Auge, of which it is the capital. It is 65 km from Abbaye-aux-Hommes and 92.6 km from Bayeux Tapestry Museum. The city is 216.6 km from Orly Airport and 222.4 km from CDG Airport.