The history of Fontainebleau is closely related to the castle one of the same name. Indeed the city served as a place of French royal residence where the many sovereigns, Louis VI the Gros (reigning between 1108 and 1137) to Napoleon (1852-1878), remained there. The city is also an imprint of the different phases of the history of France.
Fontainebleau was a hamlet covered with forest where Louis VII set up a hunting meeting and a chapel. Its original name is Fontaine Belle Eau. A medieval style castle was already built there at the time (first half of the year 1100) but it is Louis IX, said Saint Louis, which enlarges the castle during its reign. Philip the Fair, recognized for the power he brought to the kingdom of France during his reign, was born and died at Fontainebleau (1268-1314). Philip VI passes there regularly while John the Good lived there. Charles V, Charles VI and Charles VII (after the Hundred Years War) regularly passed there.
The place remained however a hamlet little developed before the advent of François Premier who decided to build there a palace whose architecture and the decoration are of Italian inspiration. Then the city acquires the notoriety and begins to emancipate itself of guardianship of Avon, the neighboring town. The inns and restaurants flourished next to the mansions built by princes and nobles
Fontainebleau and its castle did not suffer much from the Revolution. Napoleon Premier decides to live in the castle and begins its renovation and the redevelopment of old mansions. On October 29, 1807, Fontainebleau was the place of the signature between Napoleon and the Chancellor of the Spanish king Charles IV of the treaty which authorizes the crossing of the French troops on the Spanish territory to invade Portugal. The fall of the empire after the abdication of Napoleon marked the end of the radiation of the city.
Fontainebleau today is both a modern and bucolic, the forest and the castle are for something. Asking for a car service is an option available to you if you want to go around the city.
Fontainebleau is a French commune in Seine-et-Marne department. This vast municipality of Île-de-France region is mostly covered by the forest.
The economic development of this city revolves around tourism. Indeed, Fontainebleau is a city with interesting monuments to visit. In recent years, its royal castle has attracted more than 400,000 visitors a year and its forest interests more than 13 million tourists in one year. This forest is famous for the diversity of fauna and flora that it shelters. Moreover, this city shelters the famous National Museum of the Prisons and the Municipal Museum of Uniforms and Weapons of the soldiers of the First and second empire. The Fontainebleau cemetery is a tourist place interesting as well by its historical aspect as by its external aspect. In addition, the redevelopment of the important abandoned barracks offers a possible enlargement of the urban space for this forest town. It should be noted, however, that the Saint-Louis church is a monumental building that attracted a large number of tourists before but it no longer contributes to the development of this city currently since this church was burned in January 2016.
Fontainebleau counted in 2016 between 15 000 and 16 000 inhabitants called the bellifontains. Compared to other towns in Seine-et-Marne, this city has a stable population and this for years unlike the agglomeration of Ile de France which continues to increase year by year.
There are currently a large number of commercial enterprises. It should be noted, however, that many people also come to study. In fact, Fontainebleau has the best management school in Europe: INSEAD, the world-renowned business school, is now famous in the city.
We can offer you different types of vehicles if you want to go around the city.
What to visit in Fontainebleau?
Fontainebleau is considered as a haven of peace in the heart of a vast forest of 17 000 ha. It is an essential tourist destination of France thanks to its numerous historical monuments.
This French city has a large number of castles. Among others, there is the Château de By Thomery. It is a place to discover in order to travel in time. This castle contains so far objects of the French animal painter of the nineteenth century, Rosa Bonheur. Indeed, in this small castle in the countryside are his brushes, his dodges, his blouse or even his piano.
In addition to this historic site, Fontainebleau is also famous for Stéphane Mallarmé Museum. This site is today a place of exhibitions in which the history of France is highlighted. Moreover, objects from previous centuries are still available. It is especially intended for lovers of literature. But those who are fans of nature will be delighted to discover, especially in summer, the beauty of its garden which is considered a real haven of peace. The first floor of the museum is devoted to the presentation of Stéphane Mallarmé's apartments. Objects and furniture of his time are still there.
The Boufflers Barracks and former hotel of Ferrara is a building built between the sixteenth century and the eighteenth century. In addition to the ancient objects that this monument contains, young people will also appreciate its hiking circuit to discover the beauty of this haven of peace and its surroundings.
But more than a city of history, Fontainebleau is also a place of walk of its kind. Indeed, its forest has a large number of marked trails that attract hikers as well as cyclists and especially riders. This forest is also a precious reservoir of biodiversity with 1,200 plant and animal species. She is famous all over the world for the fact that many artists who have fallen on the charm of her rocky chaos evocative shapes, reflections of light and very special atmospheres they have presented through their work.
The Art History Festival is a major event that has been organized by the city since 2011. It is a popular and scientific event that focuses on the history of art. During each festival, debates, several conferences, film screenings that revolve around the history of art are at the rendezvous. This festival attracts a large number of visitors who make a contribution to the economic development of the region. At each festival, a new country is invited, among which, Germany, the United Kingdom, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Spain, the United States of America.
Request a car service in Paris to go to Fontainebleau is necessary for people who want to enjoy the ride. Our destination is basically from the airport o the hotel where we will drop off your luggage, and you will be able to do so much historical sightseeing.
Car service from Paris Airport to Fontainebleau
Fontainebleau is in the Île-de-France region, southeast of Paris. It is 50.3 km from Parc des Félins and 56 km from the Provins Museum and the Provinois. Remember also that the city is located 86, 4 km from CDG Airport and 58.6 km from Orly Airport.