Capital of the country of Bessin, Bayeux is a French commune belonging to the department of Calvados in the region of Normandy. It is 7 km from the landing beaches on the Channel coast, west of Caen and is located on the RN13 and the Paris - Caen - Cherbourg railway line. It is famous for its 11th century tapestry, which was inscribed on the UNESCO Memory of the World register in 2007.
In the 1st Century BC, during the Gallo-Roman era, the city was founded under the name of Augustodurum. Despite the ramparts surrounding the city to protect it against foreign invasions since the third century, the Viking destroy Bayeux in 890. It is rebuilt in the tenth century and is one of the most important cities of Normandy.
During medieval times, one of the most important cathedrals of Normandy was consecrated in the city by Bishop Hugues II and his successor, Odon de Conteville. This cathedral is dedicated in 1077. The Bayeux tapestry, 69m long embroidery, stretches along the cathedral and is specially designed for this dedication. In the thirteenth century, before the end of the Hundred Years War, the city of Bayeux is ruled by vandalism and looting. And in 1417, the English under the reign of Henry V subdue and ransack the city. It was not until 1450 that Charles VII, King of France, reconquered and besieged the city.
During the second world war, Bayeux is the first major city of mainland France to be liberated during the Normandy landings in June 1944. The city held the base of the British army and served as a welcome and place of care for victims of bombing and fighting during the Battle of Normandy. The city has caused little damage and casualties.
The time has preserved until today several architectural monuments anchored to the historical events of the city such as the Norman Romanesque and Gothic Notre-Dame cathedral.
Tourism in Bayeux and its surroundings
Considered as one of the oldest cities of Normandy, it presents its history and retains its title of medieval city by its historical monuments. Bayeux has also obtained the title of "flower city" in the contest of towns and villages in bloom. Thus, a passage in the city of Bayeux is beneficial on its history and on its floral goodness.
Notre-Dame Cathedral of Bayeux
It represents both Romanesque architecture and the Gothic of Normandy: flamboyant gothic and radiant Gothic. Considered as one of the historical heritage of the city of Bayeux, the cathedral was created around the eleventh century and the end of work is finished in the fifteenth century, so it is dedicated to the year 1077 in the presence of William the Conqueror and Queen Mathilde. Seen from its chevet in Norman Gothic, we can see the foothills of the 2nd level of the chevet of the cathedral. On the right, the western facade of the cathedral: towers is Romanesque, the five porches highlight Gothic art. Above the central porch, the gallery of bishops. On the far right, the central tower: the first floor was built from 1477 to 1479, period of Flamboyant Gothic. The second floor is neo-Gothic nineteenth century. The copper dome, the turret and the spire were added during the Second Empire. It is to crown this idyllic masterpiece that was created the famous "tapestry of Bayeux". The tapestry of Queen Mathilde
It is a profane Romanesque art, an old embroidery made by the hand of Queen Mathilde of Flanders. Its contents tell the story of the battle of Hastings on the encouragement of the fighters, the authority of the Bishop Odon of Bayeux to direct the soldiers during the war and the boats loaded with troops of man and knights. Previously exhibited in Notre Dame Cathedral, it is now shown to the public in the "Center of William the Conqueror". It is inscribed on the Memory of the World register by UNESCO in 2007.
Memorial Museum of the Battle of Normandy and the Art and History Museum Baron-Gérard (MAHB)
inseparable in history, its museums tell the story of Normandy during the battles of Normandy.
Memorial Museum of the Battle of Normandy: It tells the story of the war during its 77 days of battle, with a film of 25 minutes. He also exhibits, weapons, military uniform and war vehicle.
Museum of Art and History Baron-Gérard (MAHB): currently built in the Hotel du Doyen since 2013, it brings together the medieval arts of Queen Mathilde and the exhibition of the Romanesque period (Archeology, Painting, Art Graphic, Objects of Art, Bayeux Lace, Bayeux Porcelain). The Floral garden
Spread about 2 hectares, the Bayeux public garden illustrates the floral beauty and history of the city:
The famous "weeping beech": considered natural building in 1932, has received a label "remarkable Tree of France". Its branches cover an area of 1,250 square meters.
The tree of freedom: it tells joy and symbols of emancipation. Embellished with flowers, tricolor ribbons, flags, and cartridges with patriotic mottos, the tree lights up especially on the evenings of summer.
Tourism hotels in the city of Bayeux
Like any city, history is connected to the life of the population, which is why hotels present in their interior and exterior design part of the history of Bayeux. Some exhibit contemporary arts to present the wonders of the city's artists, others use buildings dating from the contemporary era of the city.
Hotel Château de Bellefontaine
Created in an 18th century castle, the hotel is located in the center of the city. Consisting of sophisticated spaces of traditional decor and ancient writings, combined with modern arts, the hotel illustrates the beauty of the city.
Grand Hôtel du Luxembourg: built in an 18th century building, in the center of Bayeux. It is bounded by the Bayeux Cathedral and the Museum of the Bayeux Tapestry.
Hotel Churchill: located on the banks of the Aure, the hotel creates an atmosphere that refers to the history of the city and to contemporary imaginations. Hôtel d'Argouges
located in the center of the city of Bayeux, the hotel was built in the 18th century. Illustrated by tapestries and antique woodwork, the hotel is crowned with three stars. Hotel Reine Mathilde
Located in the historic center of the city, it is established along the Aure. Surrounded by the Notre-Dame Cathedral of Bayeux, the Museum of the Bayeux Tapestry and the Memorial Museum of the Battle of Normandy. The hotel has a wonderful view of Notre-Dame Cathedral.
Car service from Bayeux to Paris airports
The city of Bayeux is located 263 km from Paris via the A13 and 30 km from Caen on the RN13. It is located about 11 km from the Cotentin marshes and Bessin marshes and is located at a distance of 282 km from Paris Orly airport, 288 km from Charles de Gaulle airport and 293 km from Beauvais Tillé airport