Charles de Gaulles Airport, the second largest airport in Europe with futuristic style architecture
Roissy started with the project to create a second airport in Paris. This project was validated in Council of Ministers in 1964 and saw the site located 25 kilometers north of Paris chosen. The works of the terminal were designed by the architect Paul Andreu. Beginning four years later, Terminal 1 of the airport will be inaugurated in the presence of Prime Minister Pierre Messmer. Also called Roissy Charles-de-Gaulle (CDG) or Roissy airport.
Analyzing the history of an airport is very enriching, especially for researchers and people passionate about aviation. The Paris-Charles-de-Gaulle airport celebrates its forty years, 4 beautiful decades during which the airport located 23 km from the city of Paris. The first commercial flight was made in 1974. The Roissy air terminal is circular, in the shape of a camembert. This form has been adopted to facilitate the transit of supersonic Concorde. At that time, Concorde was to become the reference machine in the world aeronautics industry.
On board a Boeing 747 from New York, passengers landed for the first time at Roissy Charles de Gaulle Airport (CDG) and became the first commercial aircraft to land on the tarmac of Paris-Nord. Forty years after the introduction of Terminal 1, Roissy is now a mastodon of the world airports. To date, CDG is the second largest airport in Europe, behind London-Heathrow. The Paris-Nord mastodon is also part of the world's top 10 in terms of air traffic.
With three terminals spread out, Roissy also has two large boarding rooms that have a capacity of 20 million passengers at the same time. In 2013, 180 airlines in the air traffic of Roissy CDG when, 62 million passengers were transported there. Roissy became the first European hub with 25,000 connection opportunities in less than two hours per week. CDG is Europe's leading freight platform with 2.2 million tones processed in 2013. 700 companies and about 86,000 direct employees work at airport.
It is estimated that the revenues generated from cargo at airport level are estimated at € 21 million. Roissy was one of the pioneers in terms of technology. Its architecture of futuristic style, its installations such as luggage carts connected and one of the first in terms of capacity of reception. With this capacity of 10 million passengers per year, the "camembert" of Paris. Roissy welcomes Air Canada, Air Afrique and Air France for all their transfers. Roissy Airport has a bright future ahead of it, which will not really be the case. Indeed, before the launch of the first commercial flight, the world was expecting a major oil shock. Arrived in 1973, the latter distorts the calculations. The traffic assumptions are revised downwards and to remedy them, a flexible airport has been designed in which the terminals will be built in response to traffic changes.
For example, 2D terminals for medium-haul vehicles were launched in 1989, 2C in 1993 and T9 (now CDG3) reserved for charter airlines in 1991. It is expected that Roissy airport will see these old terminals soon renovated. By 2023, CDG Express is expected to coincide with the commissioning of the first part of a terminal of some 30 million additional passengers.
Roissy underwent a major revolution with the passage to the hub in 1996. The hub system made it possible to better organize the connections, optimizing the connection of the aircraft while landing and then the others in take-off. The hub is at the origin of the "aerial ballets". The music hub program consists of standardization of schedules, standardization of devices and suppression of profitable flights.
A very old cedar tree and the remains of an ancient castle at Charles de Gaulles airport
The cedar of Lebanon began to grow in the Val-d'Oise to brighten the Roissy. From now on, the bicentenary cedar is stuck between two highway ramps. This elegant tree has an estimated length of 20m. Thousands of people passing through the Roissy airport will see this cedar before continuing the visit of Paris. An inhabitant of Roissy-in-France inscribed this cedar in the contest of the most beautiful trees in France. The latter received the prize Coup de Coeur.
South gate: remains of the castle of Roissy en France
The Remains of the Castle of Camarans in Roissy-en-France constitutes a major tourist attraction in Roissy-en-France. Fabulous accommodations can accommodate visitors, at prices defying the competition. Among the remains of the Castle of Roissy-en-France still present, we distinguish the eastern wall and the south door of the orangery. Built in stone under the monumental keys, these vestiges are witnesses of the classical architecture by which this castle was built.
Park of the Orangery
Park with six themed gardens, animal and plant species from all over the world come together thanks to this park. Equipped with a kiosk, various animations take place regularly in this space. To optimize the stay in this park, a fitness trail allows you to enjoy sports equipment to perform some exercises, or relax by doing its daily Thai chi. This park is one of the most visited places in Val-d'Oise. Walkers like to visit the remains of the castle, but also the sculptures of artist exposed. Finally, at the end of the park of the Orangery is the church Saint Eloi, classified historical monument since 1942.
What type of hotels are available at Charles de Gaulles Airport and next to Villepinte Exhibition Center?
Best western CDG
Hotel with rooms entirely renovated and full of charm located at 3 mn of the airport of Roissy, it is also located a few meters of the park of an exhibition of Villepinte.
Mercure Paris CDG Airport & Convention
This hotel welcomes you in its comfortable rooms, located just a few steps from Terminals 1, 2 and 3 of Roissy CDG. This hotel is also close to the Villepinte Exhibition Center.
How to get from Roissy CDG to Paris by car
From Roissy CDG to Paris, take the avenue Charles de Gaulle in the direction of the north highway. You will have to join the A3 and enter Bagnolet. At the end of 2 km, we will arrive in Paris by avenue Victoria.