According to historians, the town of Creil would have emerged in prehistoric times. Only, it is in 633 that real evidence of his birth would have been indexed. It has become increasingly famous since the 14th century and has a strong historical heritage.
A welcome site since Prehistory
The various archaeological investigations have uncovered vestiges of the prehistoric past of Creil and its surroundings. Indeed, it was classified as a Neolithic station and then as a necropolis of Gallic civilization at the end of the Bronze Age.
A compulsory passage during Antiquity
Creil went from Gallo-Roman vicus to commercial village of the Lower Empire during the first centuries of our era. Indeed, it was a mandatory passage from Augustomagus to Caesaromagus, two major cities of antiquity.
The Middle Ages: highlighting Creil
The first mentions of the town of Creil appear in the years 633 under the name of Criolo and Crioilum in the writings of Bishop Dadon of Rouen. The first lords of Creil are those of the family of Yves Creil at the end of the tenth century. Then Louis IX acquired it to make places one of the principal residences of the kings of France. It is in this lordship that King Charles IV was born. It was also one of the highlights of the Hundred Years war.
Modern times: a city constantly occupied
The city of Creil has been the object of much covetousness from several foreign powers. During the Crusades of the 16th century, the city was the subject of several assaults and occupations including those of the Huguenots. During the 17th century, an occupation of rebel troops against royalty forced Louis XIV to frequent the seigneury.
Creil: the city of resistance during the contemporary era
After the Revolution of 1789, the city resisted the vengeful return of the Prince de Conde and the inhabitants rose against the nobility and religion. During the First World War, its rail network and its infrastructures were an important asset in the hands of allies in terms of logistics. Then during World War II, its strategic location and its industrial infrastructures of the time justified the fact that it was one of the most targeted cities of France. But at the same time, it was also a great resistance even under the German occupation. Doing so many historical sightseeing is possible in this city.
The city of Creil has a strong historical past. Currently, it is one of the most dynamic French municipalities in the Hauts-de-France region, both in terms of demographics and in terms of economic progress.
An important demographic density
Creil is currently part of the Creil Urban Unit, which has more than 120,000 inhabitants. What makes this unit is the most populated in the Oise. More specifically for the city, it had 34,922 inhabitants in 2014 according to INSEE. It is a particularly young population with a dominant working population aged between 15 and 45 years. This slice represents more than 63% of the creillois. It should also be noted that they have a large racial mix with more than 26% of immigrants.
A stable economy
Although the local economy does not allow to have a flamboyant lifestyle compared to the rest of France, it still remains stable. The average household income is around 11,000 euros per year. However, the closure of some major industries like Renault or Vieille Montagne has done a lot of damage to this economy, especially in terms of the unemployment rate.
With more than 20% of the working population in this situation, the local authorities had to make adjustments, notably by proposing a local plan for integration and employment. The sectors of activity present in the city and its surroundings are the trade, the new technologies within the Alata technological park, and the tertiary sector notably within the zone of economic and tertiary management of the Bois Saint-Romain and that of the field of justice.
The urbanization of the city
In terms of communication routes, the city is connected to other municipalities in the region by the departmental (D106, D200, D201, D1330 and D1016), the national road (RN31), and the A1 motorway. As for the rail network, the city of Creil is a real crossroads given its past particularly active in this area. It is thus served by the various suburban trains, the Transilien as well as intercités.
Other routes of communication are the river network and the airway, particularly by the proximity of some major airports such as Paris CDG. At the level of urban morphology, the city is composed of several neighbourhoods with different characteristics. The city center has the specificity to be separated in two by a river and own a part on the island Saint-Maurice. Urbanization projects took place in the 1980s with the "social development of neighborhoods" project, the "urban renewal" project and the "urban social cohesion contract". Booking a car service in Paris is a good idea if you want to enjoy Creil.
What to visit in Creil?
Creil is a city that has almost millennia of history. In addition to this, it has represented an important crossroads during the greatest periods of history. This is why the town has important historical and cultural heritage.
The royal castle of the city of Creil
The city has the remains of a castle dating back to at least the 9th century. This building has been the subject of several battles throughout history. It was destroyed by the Normans before a reconstruction in the fourteenth century and before it became a second home of kings of France. Currently, there are only vestiges left, but visitors can imagine the beauty of this castle at the sight of its imposing towers.
Saint-Médard church: a cultural heritage
Saint-Médard church has been classified as French cultural heritage since 1920. Certainly, its construction began in the 13th century. On the other hand, it has received different contributions, whether in terms of architecture or content, from different periods of history. Its triangle shape is a particularity resulting from this contribution from a visual point of view. As for the content, visitors will be amazed at the shift presented on the floor of this Middle Age building. Indeed, this floor was worked in a style purely from the Renaissance. The current bell tower of the church dates from 1521. It is 34 m high. This makes it one of the biggest steeples in the region.
The kiosk: a temple of love
One of the most visited heritages in the city of Creil is the Kiosque. The latter is also called the "Temple of Love". Indeed, this pavilion stands out from others by the ornamental motifs that compose it. It dates from 1750 and was built of remains of stones that had served the realization of the bridge of the Boucherie. This kiosk, particularly popular with lovers of passage and the region, is classified as a historical heritage since the 1920s.
Rivierre nail shop: a remnant of the city's industrial past
True collector of the former industrial past of the city, Rivierre nail is the latest nail company in France. It uses a century-old know-how that has not changed since 1888, when it was created. It is interesting to note that this company is part of the classification of "company of the living heritage" of France and that since 2007. For the tourists, it is possible to make the guided tour of the factory throughout the year. 'year. Asking for a car service is advisable to discover every corner of Creil.
Book a car service in Paris for Creil's Castle
Creil is a city located in the Oise in Hauts-de-France. It is just 27 km from Astérix park and 8.6 km from Château de Chantilly. For information, CDG Airport is 37.4 km from Creil while Orly Airport is 79 km.