History of the Arc de Triomphe in Paris


History and visit the Arc de Triomphe in Paris

The Arc de Triomphe was built between 1806 and 1836. It is built in a neoclassical style by architect Jean-François-Thérèse Chalgrin. It is also known as the Arc de Triomphe de l’ Etoile . It is located on the Place de l’Etoile in the 8th arrondissement of Paris. It is placed at an interval of 2.2 km from the Place de la Concorde and to west boundary of the Champs-Elysees. The construction of this bow was made in memory of the Battle of Austerlitz after Napoleon’s orders. It was classified as a historical monument February 6, 1896 and is directed through the center of national monuments.

The Arc de Triomphe is 45 meters wide, 50 meters high and 22 meters deep. It has a large canopy measuring 14.62 meters wide and 29.19 meters high and a small roof measuring 8.44 meters wide and 18.68 meters high. This arc is served by the station Charles de Gaulle metro. The construction of this bow was made following an imperial decree dated February 18 1806.Il was made in memory of the triumph of the French army.

It was expected that the architects Jean Chalgrin Francaouis Theresa and Raymond Jean Arnaud work together for the project. Ideas that were opposed to them led to the withdrawal Jean Arnaud Raymond program. The laying of the foundation stone of the arch was made August 15, 1806. The establishment of the foundations took two years and it is in 1810 that the four massive masonry measured 1 meter. A model of real size was mounted at the wedding of Napoleon and Archduchess Louise Maris. The construction of the arch was suspended and even abandoned during the Restoration.

The work was continued by Louis XVIII in 1824. The sequence of work was provided by the architects Huyot, Robert Louis Goust. The original ideas of Napoleon  were taken up back  by   Louis Philippe in 1830. The selection of sculptures and themes were made by Adolphe Thiers and Louis Philippe. The inauguration of this bow was made July 29, 1836 on the sixth anniversary of the Three Glorious. According to Balzac in 1842, the arch was seen as a sign of loyalty to the emperor’s army.

The Arc de Triomphe is one of Paris monuments rich in history. Near the base of the arch stands the tomb of an unknown soldier in the First World War. The bow features an eternal flame that represents the inltérable memory for soldiers killed in action. The flame was lit for the first time November 14, 1923. This gesture is repeated by veterans every night at 18h30. There is an association of the flame under the Arc de Triomphe which gathers about fifty members. This arc has four large sculptures out much. These sculptures are: the" Departure of the volunteers" engaged in 1792 made by François Rude, "Triumph" made by Jean-Pierre Cortot in 1810, "The Resistance" made by Antoine Etex in 1814 and "Peace" made by Antoine Etex in 1815. It also has smaller sculptures representing the battles of Aboukir, Jemappes, Austerlitz, the capture of Alexandria, General Marceau’s funeral and the passage of the bridge of Arcola. The arches of the arch are decorated with allegorical figures.

Transfer to the Arc de Triomphe in Paris
The Arc de Triomphe is at a distance of 20 km from Orly Airport, 30.7 km from Charles de Gaulle Airport and 85.6 km from the airport of Beauvais.

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