- History and Construction of the Arc de Triomphe
- Artistic Features and Historical Significance
- Transfer to the Arc de Triomphe in Paris
History and Construction of the Arc de Triomphe
The Arc de Triomphe, also known as the Arc de Triomphe de l’Étoile, is a monumental piece of architecture located in the 8th arrondissement of Paris, on the Place de l’Étoile. It was built between 1806 and 1836 in a neoclassical style by architect Jean-François-Thérèse Chalgrin. Commissioned by Napoleon following the Battle of Austerlitz, its construction commemorates the triumphs of the French army. The Arc de Triomphe was classified as a historical monument on February 6, 1896, and is managed by the Center of National Monuments.
Measuring 45 meters in width, 50 meters in height, and 22 meters in depth, the Arc boasts a large canopy of 14.62 meters in width and 29.19 meters in height, along with a smaller roof measuring 8.44 meters in width and 18.68 meters in height. It is accessible via the Charles de Gaulle metro station. The laying of the foundation stone occurred on August 15, 1806, and the construction initially progressed until the foundations were established in 1810. However, the project was suspended and even abandoned during the Restoration period, only to be resumed by Louis XVIII in 1824 and later by Louis Philippe in 1830 who revived Napoleon’s original ideas. The Arc was finally inaugurated on July 29, 1836, coinciding with the sixth anniversary of the Three Glorious Days.
Artistic Features and Historical Significance
The Arc de Triomphe is not only a symbol of architectural prowess but also a monument rich in history and art. It features the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier from World War I at its base, along with an eternal flame lit for the first time on November 14, 1923. This flame, symbolizing the unalterable memory of soldiers killed in action, is reignited every evening at 6:30 PM by veterans, an act overseen by the Association of the Flame under the Arc de Triomphe.
In terms of artistic embellishments, the Arc de Triomphe houses four prominent sculptures: “The Departure of the Volunteers of 1792” by François Rude, “Triumph” by Jean-Pierre Cortot created in 1810, “The Resistance” and “Peace” both by Antoine Etex in 1814 and 1815 respectively. Additionally, the monument features smaller sculptures depicting significant battles such as Aboukir, Jemappes, Austerlitz, the capture of Alexandria, General Marceau’s funeral, and the passage of the bridge of Arcola. The arches of the Arc are adorned with allegorical figures, adding to its grandeur and historical narrative. According to Balzac in 1842, the Arc was perceived as a symbol of allegiance to the emperor’s army, further cementing its status as one of the most historically rich monuments in Paris.
Transfer to the Arc de Triomphe in Paris
Whether you are experiencing your first exciting visit to Paris or are a seasoned traveler familiar with the city, enhance your journey with a comfortable and convenient visit to the Arc de Triomphe in a private shuttle, complete with a driver. Perfectly suited for those seeking an exclusive travel experience, our service allows you to book the car of your choice from our diverse fleet, ensuring a personalized and stress-free transfer. Strategically located, the Arc de Triomphe is situated approximately 20 km from Orly Airport, around 30.7 km from Charles de Gaulle Airport, and about 85.6 km from Beauvais Airport, making it easily accessible for visitors arriving from various points.