History and visit La Bastille in Paris
Fortress built on the current site of the Bastille, the Bastille Saint-Antoine was destroyed after 14 July 1789.
It was under the reign of Charles V (1370-1383) that was built the Bastille. It marked the Parisian landscape and reminded the king’s authority. At first the Bastille had only four rounds, the other four were added later. The Bastille had impressive dimensions, 66 meters long, 34 m wide and 24 m high at the top of the towers. She was surrounded by a moat fed by the Seine it was 25 meters wide to 8 feet deep.
It was built to fortify the walls east of Paris and the Porte Saint-Antoine who were vulnerable. She was then intended to protect the king in case of revolt of the people of Paris. The Bastille was a castle and had a large arsenal.
Bastille served as a prison of the kingdom and the Great was a prison rather comfortable. Nobles, bourgeois had great big rooms, furniture and firewood. Royal prisoners were allowed to correspond with the outside, receive visits and enjoyed relative freedom of movement within the fortress.
The Bastille was stormed by 14 July 1789 the people of Paris this event is now regarded as the symbol of the French Revolution, it marks the beginning. The French national holiday commemorates the Fête de la Fédération, 14 July 1790, which coincided with the first anniversary of the storming of the Bastille.
The Bastille was shot from 15 July 1789. Some of the stones were sold as souvenirs, and used to build the Pont de la Concorde. The Marquis de La Fayette sent a key to the Bastille to George Washington, first president of the United States. This key is now exhibited at the residence of Mount Vernon, the second key sent in Gournay-en-Bray, birthplace of Maillart first revolutionary entering the Bastille.
Transfer to the Bastille in Paris
The Bastille is situated at a distance of 17 km from Orly airport, 33 km from Charles de Gaulle Airport and 99 km from Beauvais Airport.