History of town Beaune in Burgundy
Origins and Middle Ages
Beaune, a town located in the heart of the Burgundy wine region of France, has a rich and varied history. It was first established as a Roman settlement known as “Belena” during the 1st century AD, where it grew and prospered due to its strategic location along important trading routes. In the Middle Ages, Beaune became the residence of the Dukes of Burgundy, leading to a period of significant prosperity and expansion.
Prosperity and the Hospices de Beaune
The 15th century marked a period of notable growth for Beaune, thanks in part to the establishment of the famous Hospices de Beaune in 1443 by Nicolas Rolin, the chancellor of the Duke of Burgundy. Originally a hospital for the poor, the Hospices is now a museum and one of the most iconic structures in Beaune, featuring stunning Flemish-Burgundian architecture and a world-renowned vineyard.
Impact of the Wine Trade
Beaune’s prosperity continued into the 17th and 18th centuries, largely due to the thriving wine trade. Beaune became the center of Burgundy’s wine production and trade, earning a reputation for producing some of the world’s finest wines. This led to the construction of expansive wine cellars and beautiful private mansions, which are distinctive features of the town to this day.
Modern Beaune is a vibrant town that is fiercely proud of its history. It is home to a wealth of historic buildings, including the Collegiate Church of Notre Dame and the 15th-century ramparts. The town continues to be the hub of Burgundy’s wine trade, with the annual Hospices de Beaune wine auction drawing enthusiasts from around the world. Beaune’s rich history, combined with its ongoing dedication to preserving its past, make it a truly unique destination.
Beaune Tourism and Visits
Beaune is recognized as a “City of Art and History”. It invites its visitors to explore its exceptional sights. Historical monuments worth visiting include the Hôtel-Dieu, a remarkable 15th-century structure, 16th-century houses, the Church of Notre-Dame, and the Chapel of the Oratory. For those interested in cultural pursuits, Beaune hosts various museums such as the Museum of Burgundy, the Museum of Fine Arts, the Museum Marey, and the Dalineum – a museum dedicated to Salvador Dalí.
To explore the city of Beaune comfortably, our transfer service suggests selecting from our various vehicle options. You can choose from a private car, a luxury vehicle, or a group shuttle.
Transfer from Beaune to Paris Airports
Beaune is located 26 km northwest of Chalon-sur-Saône and 277 km from Paris. Beaune is located 310 km from Charles de Gaulle Airport, 330 km from Orly Airport, and 393 km from Paris Beauvais Airport.